“Love for the sake of Allah”

It was reported from Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said:

‏حدثنا ‏ ‏إسحق بن إبراهيم ‏ ‏ومحمد بن يحيى بن أبي عمر ‏ ‏ومحمد بن بشار ‏ ‏جميعا ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏الثقفي ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏ابن أبي عمر ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏عبد الوهاب ‏ ‏
عن ‏ ‏أيوب ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي قلابة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أنس ‏
‏عن النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏ثلاث من كن فيه وجد بهن حلاوة الإيمان من كان الله ورسوله أحب إليه مما سواهما وأن يحب المرء لا يحبه إلا لله وأن يكره أن يعود في الكفر بعد أن أنقذه الله منه كما يكره أن ‏ ‏يقذف ‏ ‏في النار

“Anyone who possesses three attributes will experience the sweetness of belief: That he loves Allah and His Messenger more than anything else; that he loves someone for the sake of Allah alone; and that he hates the idea of reverting to disbelief as much as he would hate being thrown into a fire.”

(Narrated by Bukhari, Kitab al Iman: Bab Halawat al Iman; Muslim, Kitab al Iman, Kitab al Adab:Bab Hub fillah and Kitab al Ikrah; Nasa’i, Kitab al Iman: Bab al Halawat Al Iman and Bab Halawat al Islam; Tirmidhi, Kitab al Iman ‘an Rasul Allah)

In Tuhfa al Ahwadhi, a commentary on the Sunan of Imam Tirmidhi, Mubarakpuri states:

‏استثناء مفرغ أي لا يحبه لغرض وعرض وعوض ولا يشوب محبته حظ دنيوي ولا أمر بشري بل محبته تكون خالصة لله تعالى

“…meaning he does not love him for belongings, nor for show nor for any compensation. His love for him is not admixed with wordly fortunes nor with human matters. Verily, his love is purely for Allah.”

In the Sharh Tariqa al Muhammadiya Imam Barkawi states:

يعني لا يحبه إلا لغرض رضا الله عنه حتى تكون كمحبة أبويه ؛ لأنه تعالى أمر بالإحسان إليهما ومحبة ولده ؛ لأنه ينفعه بالدعاء الصالح له ، وعلى هذا كذا في المشارق الحديث . ولا يخفى أن المفهوم منه أنه ينبغي لكل أحد أن يقصد رضاه تعالى عند محبة كل شيء

“Meaning, he does not love someone except to attain Allah’s pleasure for himself until it becomes like the love of his parents [s: i.e. like his own love towards them], because He, Most High, has commanded excellence towards both of them. And [s: until it becomes like] love of his child [s: i.e. towards him] because he benefits from his righteous du’a for him… and there is no obscurity that the concept understood from it is that it is necessary for everyone to seek His, Most High’s, pleasure through means of loving all.

From the words of Imam Barkawi we see two key aspects regarding loving for the sake of Allah and the level of this love. This love includes:

[1] Dealing with excellence – making it similar to the way we deal with our parents, and

[2] Making du’a on their behalf, like a righteous son makes supplication on behalf of his parents.

This should be coupled with:

[3] Sincere intention to gain, through this, Allah’s pleasure rather then other wordly motives. Everything we love, we should do so keeping this resolve in mind.

As for loving those who are “bad” then this love should be construed as mentioned above: through excellent dealings, attitude and supplication. Love of their actions does not fall into this. Rather, we should view this love as a fulfillment of Allah’s command regarding mahabba al insan (Love for Mankind).
And Allah knows Best

 

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Filed under Hadith, Tasawwuf

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