The Adab of Salawat: From Ibn Salah’s Muqaddimah

The Prophet of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “The miser is he in whose presence I am mentioned and he does not send blessings on me.”

The ninth point in the chapter of the writing of hadith

[The student] should observe writing the prayer and blessings on the Messenger of Allah upon his mention, may Allah, Most High, bless him and his family and grant them peace, and [he should] not tire of repeating this at the repetition [of his name] for this is of the greatest of benefits that the students and writers of hadith rush by, and whoever is oblivious of this, he has been prevented from an immense fortune. We have narrated from the people of this [ i.e. the salawaat] noble dreams.

That which the student writes is a prayer which he affirms, not wording which he narrates. Hence, [the writing of the prayer] is not restricted to narrative or limited to [the wording] which is in the original [book]. Likewise is the case with the praising of Allah, Most Glorious, when His Name is mentioned, such as: “Mighty and Majestic” (‘azza wa jalla), “Blessed and Exalted” (tabaraka wa ta’ala), and what is similar to these. Therefore, if something of this is found which has come in narrative, the concern for its documentation and precision is greater.

What has been found in the writing of Abu ‘AbdAllah Ahmad ibn Hanbal, may Allah be pleased with him, of omitting this at the mention of the name of the Prophet, prayer and blessings of Allah upon him – perhaps it is because he was of the opinion of confining [oneself] in this [matter] to narration and it was difficult for him to attribute [the sending of prayer and blessings] to everyone above him from the narrators. Al-Khatib Abu Bakr said, “And it reached me that he [Imam Ahmad] used to pray on the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah upon him, by mouth, not by pen.” He said, “And others from the early scholars differed with him in this.” It was narrated on ‘Ali ibn al-Madeeni and ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Azheem al-‘Anbaari that they said,” We never left the prayer on the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah upon him, in each narration we heard and perchance we rushed so we would leave a blank for each narration until we could return to it [later to fill it in].” And Allah knows best.

Furthermore, [the student] should keep away from two flaws when mentioning the prayer:

The first: To write it [in an] abbreviated form, indicating it by two letters [i]or the like.

The second: To write it by an incomplete meaning, by not writing, “and blessings” (wa sallam), even if this was found in the writing of some of the early [scholars].

I heard Abu al-Qasim Mansur ibn ‘Abd al-Mun’im and Umm al-Muayyad bint Abi al-Qasim, through my reading, say: “We heard Abu al-Barakaat ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Furawi, by word say: ‘I heard Al-Muqri’ Zhareef ibn Muhammad sayd, ‘I heard ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq al-Hafiz say: ‘I heard my father say: ‘I heard Hamzah al-Kinani say:

I used to write a narration and I used to write at the mention of the Prophet ‘May Allah pray upon him’ (salla Allahu ‘alaih) and I wouldn’t write ‘and bless him’. So I saw the Prophet, may Allah pray upon him and his family and grant them peace, in a dream and he said to me, “What is wrong with you that you do not finish the prayer on me?” He said, “So I never wrote after that ‘May Allah pray upon him’ except that I wrote, ‘and bless him.'”

I, [Ibn al-Salaah] say: It is [therefore] also disliked to shorten the saying [of the prayer] to: “upon him be peace” (‘alayhi al-salaam), and Allah knows best.
(Translated by Ustadha Shaista Maqbul)

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2 Comments

Filed under Fiqh/Law

2 responses to “The Adab of Salawat: From Ibn Salah’s Muqaddimah

  1. umara

    jazakAllah khayr for that

  2. Salamu ‘Alaykum

    wa iyaak

    du’as

    Wasalam

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