Shaykh Gibril On Shaykh Turkmani (Beautiful)

Salamu `Alaykum

A must read from Shaykh Gibril:

“We belong to Allah and unto Him we shall return. Shaykh Mustafa ibn `Abd al-Razzaq al-Turkmani al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Shadhili al-Darqawi passed away in Damascus on Wednesday 11 Ramadan 1427 / 4 October 2006 after recovering from a stroke a few years ago which had left him, in the words of Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya`qubi, “in a state of complete submission to the Divine Decree.” I remember Shaykh Mustafa’s right hand holding mine in an august hadra during which I heard his muted sobs and imagined, as I stood on his right, his eyes closed and his spiritual gaze firmly trained upon the heart.

Another time, someone had brought a blessed hair of the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, to the house of Sayyid Abu al-Khayr al-Kattani in Damascus, who invited a gathering of munshids and fuqara’ to a generous meal for the occasion. The Salutation was marked by the state of Shaykh Mustafa, eyes closed, in tears with his hands open palms up in supplication much of the time.

The last time I saw Shaykh Mustafa – his face typically full of light and mercy – was at the funeral prayer over the wife of Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya`qubi, may Allah gather us all in Paradise as He had gathered us here.

In addition to his rank as a Shafi`i Faqih, Shaykh Mustafa held the highest spiritual authority in the Darqawi community of Shaykh `Abd al-Rahman al-Shaghuri – Allah have mercy on them both. When I visited the latter in 2002 to seek his commendation on my bilingual volume of Forty Hadiths on Shaam, he directed me to Shaykh Mustafa who obliged in a matter of days and graced me with the following text, which I included at the beginning of the volume both in Arabic and in English:

Commendation of Shaykh Mustafa Turkmani al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i


In the Name of Allah All-Beneficent, Most Merciful. Glory and praise to Allah in Whose Hand is creation and commandment and in Whose Hand alone is giving and withholding. Blessings and greetings of peace on the Prophet of Mercy and rescuer of the Community whom Allah named {Full of pity, Merciful} (9 : 128 ) and upon his virtuous House and Companions. To proceed: the esteemed brother, Dr. Gibril Fouad Haddad, has appraised me of a precious treatise in which he has gathered forty hadiths in praise of Syro-Palestine and its people and in praise of emigration to Allah and His Prophet. The hadiths are all authentic and narrated with respected chains of transmission to their narrators, so that the reader can rest assured and trust in what is herein narrated from the Messenger of Allah – upon him blessings and peace.

The author had a good reason for the choice of this topic. Emigration to Allah and His Prophet is the great sign of faith, the badge of courage, the mark of living simply in this world and desiring the next world. For people to leave their countries, giving up their comforts and pleasures, their families, and all the ties that bind a human being to his land; such a step can never be taken easily. However, it is a step intimately connected with a deep-rooted, essential education, firmly anchored in tremendous principles of faith, conscientious relations with Allah, and absolute confidence in the promise made by Him to His truthful servants. Thus did it come about with the Messenger of Allah – upon him blessings and peace. The most trusted Messenger did not emigrate to al-Madina, nor did his Companions, until he became sure of their faith, the purity of their intentions, the strengthening of their Religion, and their self-extinction into the state of true servanthood to their Lord. Only then did the matter of emigration please them, so that they could preserve their Religion, worshipping and living for Allah truly and completely.

If one looks into the histories of the Prophets; upon them peace; one will find that they seldom accomplished their purpose or reached the height of their spiritual state except through emigration from their countries. This seems a path habitually imposed by Allah upon His chosen servants. Take, for example, Ibrahim the Friend of Allah, upon him peace: he emigrated from Iraq to Egypt and from Egypt to Palestine. Take the Christ; upon him peace: he left his native Nazareth and roamed in all the regions of Palestine, summoning people to Allah, guiding them and pointing them to Him. So did Yusuf – upon him peace – until he resided in Egypt, powerful and honored. It is no wonder, then, that the Messenger of Allah – upon him blessings and peace – went to al-Madina as an emigrant, taking for model his brothers, the Prophets.

Al-Madina then became the abode of emigration, the fortress of Islam, the beginning of universal goodness for human beings; a new history for a new generation dawning upon the world with the highest moral values it had ever seen, an immaculate and pristine civilization free of the blots that mar the nobility of human beings. Thus does the Qur’an lavishly praise the emigrants in the way of Allah, saying, {Those who fled their homes for the cause of Allah and then were slain or died, Allah verily will provide for them a good provision. Lo! Allah, He verily is the Best of all who make provision. Assuredly He will cause them to enter by an entry that they will love. Lo! Allah verily is knower, Indulgent} (22:58-59); and {And those who became fugitives for the cause of Allah after they had been oppressed, We verily shall give them goodly lodging in the world, and surely the reward of the Hereafter is greater, if they but knew; Such as are steadfast and put their trust in Allah} (16:41-42). Similarly, the Qur’an blamed and castigated those that sat back instead of accomplishing the Hijra, saying, {Lo! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wrong themselves, (the angels) will ask: In what were you engaged? They will say: We were oppressed in the land. (The angels) will say: Was not Allah’s earth spacious that you could have migrated therein? As for such, their habitation will be hell, an evil journey’s end} (4:97).

Since, by emigration, is meant the establishment of the Religion, united decision-making on the basis of pleasing Allah, and collective efforts aimed at protecting the way of truth upon which depends human happiness and the safety of future generations, the Messenger; upon him peace; showed and extolled the immense merits of Syro-Palestine in the context of strife and dissensions. He indicated that it will harbor a community that will defend the truth sincerely and genuinely and that it will be victorious, impervious to its adversaries until the coming of the Divine command. The reader can read the hadiths to this effect in this treatise. In this respect, Islam entrusted the people of Syro-Palestine with a huge responsibility and caused them to be the focus of all eyes. Indeed, the students of sacred knowledge visit them from every corner of the world because they are in a position of leadership, since Syro-Palestine, in these times of strife and dissension, is the rallying-place of the Muslims, the capital of belief, and the forefront of excellence.

Lastly, I thank Dr. Gibril Fouad Haddad for his unsparing efforts and sacrifices; may Allah grant him Godwariness and make all difficult things easy for him so that he will do more good and contribute in the spreading of truth and the rebuttal of falsehood. May Allah make true our servanthood to Him Who is our Sovereign Lord and may He grant us to please Him and obtain His good pleasure. Truly, my Lord hears our supplication! And praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.”

Mustafa `Abd al-Razzaq Turkmani
On behalf of our Shaykh the Knower of Allah
Sayyidi `Abd al-Rahman al-Shaghuri

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