An Example of the Prophet’s Perfection

salamu `alaykum

One of the most beautiful examples I came across that showed the rank and perfection of the Beloved of Allah (May our lives be sacrificed for him) was the immense insight that the hadith master Ibn Hibban mentioned while explaining the narration:

[ 409 ] أخبرنا عبد الله بن صالح البخاري ببغداد حدثنا الحسن بن علي الحلواني حدثنا عمران بن أبان حدثنا مالك بن الحسن بن مالك بن الحويرث عن أبيه عن جده قال صعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المنبر فلما رقي عتبة قال آمين ثم رقي عتبة أخرى فقال آمين ثم رقي عتبة ثالثة فقال آمين ثم قال أتاني جبريل فقال يا محمد من أدرك رمضان فلم يغفر له فأبعده الله قلت آمين قال ومن أدرك والديه أو أحدهما فدخل النار فأبعده الله قلت آمين فقال ومن ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليك فأبعده الله قل آمين فقلت آمين

“The Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) climbed up the pulpit and said ‘Amin‘ then he climbed up (to the second step) and said ‘Amin‘ and then he climbed up to the third and said ‘Amin‘. He then said: “Gabriel came to me and said: ‘Oh Muhammad, he is ruined who sees the month of Ramadaan come and go, and he has not been forgiven.’ I said Amin. Then he said: ‘He is doomed, who grows up and both his parents or one of them are still alive, and they do not cause him to enter Paradise.’ I said Amin. Then he said: ‘He is doomed who hears you mention and does not send peace upon you. Say Amin!’ So I said Amin.”

(Sahih ibn Hibban, Vol 2 – This narration is considered mass-transmitted as per Imam Kattani in his Nazm, who states that it was narrated by 9 companions in various books including Imam Hakim’s Mustadrak (wa isnaduhu sahih), Imam Bukhari in his Al Adab Al Mufrad, Imam Tabarani in his al Kabir and Al Awsat, Ibn Khuzayma in his Sahih, Al Bazzar in his Musnad, and others)

When I read the explanation of this narration, I was amazed at the intricacy and pure genius, contemplative thought, and wisdom underlying it, something that makes one only appreciate the scholars of the religion more and more. There is no doubt that compared to them we are nothing, and without them we are but a flock of sheep without a sheperd to guide us – roaming around aimlessly without a clue.

Ofcourse, you may all be wondering ‘What is this man going on about?’, and my rant may have placed within the soul of my readers a deep excitement (or the opposite, I pray not). However, before reading ahead stop and try to analyse the narration. Use your own intuitive mind to conclude, regarding the narration and its wording, ‘What is different’ and ‘Why is this difference so significanct’.

Ibn Hibban mentions right after this narration:

قال أبو حاتم في هذا الخبر دليل على أن المرء قد استحب له ترك الانتظار لنفسه ولا سيما إذا كان المرء ممن يتأسى بفعله وذاك أن المصطفى صلى الله عليه وسلم لما قال له جبريل من أدرك رمضان فلم يغفر له فأبعده الله بادر صلى الله عليه وسلم بأن قال آمين وكذلك في قوله ومن أدرك والديه أو أحدهما فدخل النار أبعده الله فلما قال له ومن ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليك فأبعده الله فلم يبادر إلى قوله آمين عند وجود حظ النفس فيه حتى قتال جبريل قل آمين قال قلت آمين أراد به صلى الله عليه وسلم التأسي به في ترك الانتصار للنفس بالنفس إذ الله جل وعلا هو ناصر أوليائه في الدارين وإن كرهوا نصرة الأنفس في الدنيا

I am not going to translate this verbatim, but I will summarise the basic message and lesson being propogated. When we look at this narration we see a clear example of what it means to be purified of ones nafsanic (“selfly”) desires, and that one of the primary goals of a Muslim is to purify his self, something that the path of tasawwuf seeks to achieve. Within this narration we see three key points:

[1] That the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said Amin twice of his own accord,

[2] That the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said Amin once at the demand ofGabriel, who said “SAY: Amin“, and

[3] That this coaxing and motioning to say Amin was regarding something related to the Prophet’s own self – namely the du`a against those who fail to send peace on his mention.

One of our teachers said:

“He wished to preclude any part of gain for his own nafs. Ibn Hibban added that this is also a proof that Allah Most High Himself protects His friends here and hereafter.”

So, we pray that Allah makes us among those who resemble His Prophet (Allah bless him and gran thim epace) in our states, and may He allow us to overcome our nafs and actualzie the spirit that lies so deep within us… Amin.




Filed under Hadith, Tasawwuf

7 responses to “An Example of the Prophet’s Perfection

  1. Subhan’Allah, really a great commentary on this Hadith. It’s nothing complex or hidden, but still after having already read this Hadith a lot of times, I never looked at it from this perspective. It’s probably like you said, that our Ulama take notice of things, that we don’t.

  2. as-salamu’alaikum Sidi,

    Can I post this on the you should create an account there and post it! 🙂

  3. That is a wonderful post, Jazaaka ALlaahu khairan

    I hope you don’t mind me sharing it.

  4. salamu `alaykum

    you are most welcome to share and spread.


  5. Pingback: Finding rest in the Remembrance of Allaah » Blog Archive » Recommended Readings

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