Monthly Archives: January 2007

Why was the verse of purification revealed after the Hijra…

… when ablution was already being practiced and done in Mecca? What was the need for doing so and the wisdom underlying it? Usually, people overlook such things, due to whatever reasons, but there is no doubt that there are deep meanings and lessons to be found in these very subtle points – in both the texts of the Qur’an and hadith.

The verse of purification is found in surah al ma’idah. Allah Most High says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم وأيديكم إلى المرافق وامسحوا برؤسكم وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين

“Oh you who believe! When you stand for prayer wash your faces and your arms to the elbows, wipe your heads, and [wash] your legs to the ankles.”

According to the commentators of the Qur’an, such as Imam Qurtubi in his Al Jami` Al Ahkam al Qur’an, this verse is madani, meaning that it was revealed after the hijra of our beloved Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace). In specific, it was revealed quite late in the Prophet’s life as is gleaned from hadith in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad, the Mustadrak of Hakim, and others – some scholars even stipulating that it was the last of the Qur’anic chapters revealed. This is detailed in Mufti Muhammad Shafi`s Ma`ariful Qur’an for whoever is interested in reading more into the issue.

Imam Haskafi in his al Durr al Mukhtar mentions two basic wisdoms behind the revelation of this verse at such a late period, even though ablution was being practiced well before the verses nuzul (coming down). He states (with Ibn `Abidin’s hashiya included):

 

( قوله : ففائدة نزول الآية إلخ ) جواب عما يقال إذا كان الوضوء فرض بمكة مع فرضية الصلاة وهو أيضا شرع من قبلنا فقد ثبتت فرضيته فما فائدة نزول آية المائدة ؟ أفاده ط . ( قوله : تقرير الحكم الثابت ) أي تثبيته ، فإنه لما لم يكن عبادة مستقلة بل تابعا للصلاة احتمل أن لا تهتم الأمة بشأنه ، وأن يتساهلوا في شرائطه وأركانه بطول العهد عن زمن الوحي وانتقاص الناقلين يوما فيوما ، بخلاف ما إذا ثبت بالنص المتواتر الباقي في كل زمان وعلى كل لسان . ا هـ . درر . ( قوله : وتأتي ) مصدر تأتي معطوف على ” تقرير ” . ( قوله : اختلاف العلماء ) أي المجتهدين في النية والدلك والترتيب ونقضه بالمس وقدر الممسوح

(a) That the benefit in revealing this verse after the hijra was to establish the command of ablution again. Ibn `Abidin explains this by stating that wudhu’ was not (and is not) considered an independent act of worship but rather a tabi` of prayer. It was possible that people not grasp and understand its relevance – thus, easing themselves greatly in regards to fulfilling its conditions and integrals. This could also arise due to the diminishing of its transmitters. However, the Qur’anic verse established its importance and its mass-transmission (tawatur), something that remains in every time period on every tongue.

(b) Another reason was to establish khilaf among the `ulema since such difference is a mercy. Ibn `Abidin adds that this means, “The people of ijtihad (differing) in intention, rubbing the limbs, order of ablution, nullification through touching (the private parts), and the extent of wiping.”

And Allah Knows Best

Wasalam

Salman

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Filed under Fiqh/Law

Sh. Zakariyya Kandahlawi’s Library

salamu `alaykum

And I’m pretty sure this is not all of it…

ShZakariyya-Collection

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Filed under Historical Pictures

100th Post

salamu `alaykum

Dedicated to the `ulema for safeguarding and transmitting the teachings of our Noble Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) – in specific to my akabir, my main inspirations in life, such as Maulana Ashraf `Ali Thanawi, Maulana Gangohi, Maulana Nanotwi, Maulana Khalil, Imam Zafar `Uthmani, and others (May Allah be pleased with them all) -; to my murshid wal sayyidi who took me by the hand and allowed me to take the first few steps on this long spiritual journey to Allah, always treating me like a son; to my ustaadh and beloved Shaykh Faraz Rabbani for always being there to assist me in my talab al `ilm; to my parents and family for always supporting me in the quest for religious knowledge and not forcing me to become a doctor; to all of my friends and loved ones (you know who you are) without whom life would seem empty and lonely, and through whom I learnt much; to all the readers for visiting this blog, commenting, and encouraging, although it is but a mere attempt by a worthless sinner to share the very little knowledge he has.

Lastly to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace), without whose nur we would still be engulfed and drowning in the darkness of ignorance, whose radiance shattered all falsehood, whose incomprehensible stature and rank formulated the basis and reason for the existence of all things. May Allah send countless blessings upon him, his family, and companions, and may he allow us to drink from his noble hand at al kawthar and see a glimpse of his face – looking at which is worth more than the universe and all that is within it, even if for a micro-second.

“He has triumphed who ascribes himself to him!
-Not that he needs such following,

For he is not in need of creation at all,
While they all need him without exception.

He belongs to Allah alone, Whose purified servant he is,
As his attributes and names have made manifest;

And every single favor in creation comes from Allah
To him, and from him to everything else.” (Qadhi Nabhani)

In need of your du`as

al `abd al dha`if

Wasalam

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